Born 1931, Philadelphia; Ph.D. 1964,
Columbia Univ.; Teaching Fellow 1969; Sen. Lect. 1972; Assoc. Prof. 1980.
The Jews of Elephantine: Aramaic texts,
papyri and ostraca.
1. New collations and editions of
Aramaicątexts. Funding: Basic Research Foundation, Israel Academy of Sciences and
2. Legal studies of Aramaic documents.
3. Studies of Aramaic papyri and
4. Translations ofąGreek, demotic and
Coptic documents from Elephantine/Syene (with J.J. Farber, C. Martin, L. MacCoull and S.
Abstracts of Current Research:
New editions of Aramaic texts:
(with A. Yardeni):
New collations of Aramaic documents are
made at source and new hand-copies areąproduced. An introduction, translation and
commentary are provided for each text.
Legal studies of Aramaic papyri:
(in part with H.Z. Szubin):
A holistic approach is applied to the
study of Aramaic papyri to reveal the legal realia underlying each situation. Legal terms
are clarified and unrecognized legal practices are exposed. Contracts are viewed as
precisely redacted documents, and comparison made with biblical and demotic texts.
Studies of Aramaic papyri and
This project entails an encyclopedic
study of the papyri, and includes a survey of all Aramaic ostraca.
Anthology of Elephantine/Syene
papyri: (with J.J. Farber, C. Martin, L. MacCoull and S. Clackson):
A collection of papyri inąhieratic,
Aramaic, demotic, Greek and Coptic, spanning 2000 years is examined. The anthology
includes literal translation, formatting and commentary of hieratic papyri, Achaemenid
Aramaic papyri, demotic documents of the Late and Ptolemaic periods, Greek documents of
the Ptolemaic and Byzantine periods, and Coptic texts of the Byzantine period.
Key words: Jews of
Elephantine; Elephantine; papyri; Aramaic texts
Porten, B. and Yardeni, A. (1991) Three
unpublished Aramaic ostraca. Maarav, 7: 207-227 (with 4 figures and 4 plates).
Porten, B. (1992) Aramaic-demotic
equivalents: Who is the borrower and who the lender? In: Life in a Multi-Cultural
Society: Egypt from Cambyses to Constantine and Beyond (Studies in Ancient Oriental
Society, vol.51), ed. J. Johnson, Chicago, University of Chicago Press, pp.259-264.
Szubin, H.Z. and Porten, B. (1992) An
Aramaic joint venture agreement: A new interpretation of the Bauer-Meissner papyrus. Bulletin
of the American Schools of Oriental Research, 288: 67-84.
Porten, B. (1993) Elephantine Aramaic
contracts and the priestly literature. In: Minhah le-Nahum: Biblical and Other Studies
Presented to Nahum M. Sarna in Honour of his Seventieth Birthday (JSOT Supplement
Series, 154), eds. M. Brettler and M. Fishbane, Sheffield, JSOT Press, pp.257-271.
Porten, B. (1992) Elephantine papyri.
In: The Anchor Bible Dictionary, ed. D.N. Freedman, New York, Doubleday,
Porten, B. (1993) A survey of Aramaic
ostraca letters. Eretz Israel, 24: 164-174 (Hebrew).
Porten, B. and Yardeni, A. (1993) Textbook
of Aramaic Documents From Ancient Egypt; Newly Copied, Edited and Translated into
Hebrew and English, Vol.3: Literature, Accounts, Lists. Jerusalem, Department of
the History of the Jewish People, Hebrew University, 295 + lxvi pp., with 36 foldouts.
Porten, B. and Yardeni, A. (1993)
Ostracon Clermont-Ganneau 125(?): A case of ritual purity. Journal of the American
Oriental Society, 113: 451-456.