Medieval Jewish History Resource Directory

General

Masorah

Geonica

Karaim

Genizah Studies

Jews in France Jews in Central Europe French and German Scholars Rashi Tosafot and Tosafists
Chassidei Ashkenaz Jews in England Jews in Italy Jews in Spain Spanish Scholars
Spanish Personalities Rabbi Yehudah Halevi Maimonides Expulsion from Spain and The Anusim Jews under the Islam
North African Scholars Jewish Mysticism The Khazars Jews and the Church The Crusades
The Inquisition Blood Libels Medieval Jerusalem Online Courses Bibliographies
Maps Miscellaneous, online texts

General

Basic Reading List for Medieval Jewish Studies
Internet Medieval Sourcebook - Medieval Jewish Life - Selected Sources
Internet Jewish History Sourcebook - The Jewish Middle Ages
Internet Medieval Sourcebook
NetSERF: The Internet Connection for Medieval Resources
Byzantium - Byzantine Studies on the Internet
ORB - The Online Reference Book for Medieval Studies
ORB Online Encyclopedia - Medieval Jews and Judaism
Medieval Calendar Calculator
New Medieval Calendar Calculator
Marginality and Community in Medieval Europe - Jews
The Labyrinth - Resources for Medieval Studies

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Masorah

Masorah and Masoretic Accents
Aaron ben Moses ben Asher
Aramaic Mnemonics in Codex Leningradensis - David Marcus
The Idea of the Sanctity of the Biblical Text and the Science of Textual Criticism - Menachem Cohen

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Geonica

The Age of Glory: The Gaonic Era
Natronai Gaon (9th cen.)
Saadia ben Joseph Al-Fayyumi (892-942) - Michael Kagan
Saadia Gaon
Sefer Yetzirah: Book of Creation & Saadia's Commentary (excerpts)
Sherira Gaon
Samuel ben Hofni (d. 1013)
Hai Ben Sherira

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Karaim

Karaim Homepage
Karaite Jews of America
Karaite Ketubbot from the Genizah
Judaic Treasures of the Library of Congress: The Karaite Humash

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Genizah Studies

Cambridge University Library - The Taylor-Schechter Genizah Research Unit
The Genizah On-Line Database (GOLD)
The Princeton Geniza Project
The Princeton Geniza Project - The Geniza Collections Database
The Damascus Document from the Cairo Genizah: Its Discovery, Early Study and Historical Significance - Stefan C. Reif
A Basic Bibliography of the Genizah Collection - The Taylor-Schechter Genizah Research Unit

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Jews in France

Medieval Sourcebook: Agobard of Lyon: On the Insolence of the Jews To Louis the Pious (826/827)
Medieval Sourcebook: Agobard of Lyon: On the Baptism of Slaves Belonging to Jews (to Adalard, Wala, and Helisachar)
Jewish History Sourcebook: The Expulsion of the Jews from France, 1182 CE
Medieval Sourcebook: Pope Innocent III: Protest to Philip Augustus of France Against Royal Protection of Jewish Money-Lenders, 1204   
Jewish History Sourcebook: St. Louis and the Jews of France, before 1270 CE

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Jews in Central Europe

Medieval Sourcebook: Charlemagne: Capitulary for the Jews, 814   
King Louis the Child of Germany: An Inquiry into the Tolls of Raffelstettin, c. 905   
Medieval Sourcebook: Bishop of Speyer: Grant of Lands & Privileges to the Jews, 1084
Medieval Sourcebook: Converts to Judaism: France and Germany
Jewish History Sourcebook: The Charter of the Jews of the Duchy of Austria July 1, 1244 CE
Jewish History Sourcebook: An Oath Taken by Jews Frankfort on the Main, about 1392 CE

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French and German Scholars

Rabbenu Gershom - Ashkenazi Takkanah-Maker (965-1040)
Abraham Ben David of Posquieres (RaBaD) - Great 12th Century Legalist Of Provence (1120-1198)
David Kimchi - Philosopher, Grammarian, and Defender of Maimonides (1160-1235)
Meshullam ben Jacob - Halachist and Philanthropist (12th cen.)
Solomon ben Abraham of Montpellier - Banned the Guide For the Perplexed (13th cen.)
Abba Mari ben Moses ben Joseph Astruc - Opponent to The Guide For the Perplexed (14th cen.)

 

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Rashi

Rashi (Rabbi Shlomo Yitzchaki) - Bible and Talmud Commentator (1040-1105)
Rashi (1040-1105) Rabbi Solomon Itzchaki - Werner S. Hirsch
Rashi - A Short Biography
Rashi's Commentary to the Torah - Eliezer Segal
Medieval Sourcebook: Rashi (1040-1105): Communal Affairs in Troyes, c.1100

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Tosafot and Tosafists

Tosafot - Eliezer Segal
Meir Ben Samuel (Meiri) - 'Father of Rabbis' (1060-1135)
Jacob Ben Meir - Rabbenu Tam - Leading Tosafist (1100-1171)
Samuel ben Meir (RaSHBAM) - Tosafist and Torah Literalist (c. 1085-1174)
Rashbam's Commentary to the Torah - Eliezer Segal
Moses ben Jacob - Traveling Preacher and Author of the SeMaG (1190-1260)
Meir ben Baruch "of Rothenberg" - Greatest German Legalist in the 13th Century (1210-1293)
Samson ben Abraham - Tosafist and Proponent of the First Maimonidean Controversy (12th-13th cen.)

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Chassidei Ashkenaz

Chassidei Ashkenaz Movement
Judah Ben Samuel HeChassid - Leader of Chassidei Ashkenaz (11th cen.)
Eleazar ben Judah of Worms - Author of Sefer HaRokeach (b. 1165)

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Jews in England

The History of the Jews in England (1066-1655)
Medieval Sourcebook: Gilbert Crispin: Disputation of a Jew with a Christian
about the Christian Faith (Before 1096)
Medieval Sourcebook: Anselm of Canterbury: How to Treat a Convert (before 1100)
Medieval Sourcebook: Henry II of England: Concerning Loans From The Jews
Medieval Sourcebook: An Israelite Bishop without Guile (ca. 1168)
Medieval Sourcebook: From the Dialogue of the Exchequer: On Usury, c.1170
Medieval Sourcebook: The Abbey of St. Edmund's and the Jews, 1173-1182
Medieval Sourcebook: Gerald of Wales: A Witty Jew, c. 1185
Medieval Sourcebook: Gerald of Wales: Barnacle Geese should convince the Jew of the Immaculate Conception, 1188
Medieval Sourcebook: Roger of Hoveden: The Persecution of Jews, 1189
Medieval Sourcebook: Ephraim of Bonn: The York Massacre 1189-90
Clifford's Tower: Massacre at York (1190)
Medieval Sourcebook: Richard I of England: Charter by Which Many Liberties are Granted and Confirmed to the Jews, 22 March, 1190
Medieval Sourcebook: English Jewry is Organised: The Ordinances of the Jews, 1194
Medieval Sourcebook: Peter of Blois: Against the Perfidy of the Jews , before 1198
Medieval Sourcebook: Appointment of an Archpriest of the Jews in England, July 1199
Medieval Sourcebook: Gerald of Wales: Two Cistercian Monks turn Jews (before 1200)
Medieval Sourcebook: Contact between English Jews and Christians: Two Twelfth-century Views
Medieval Sourcebook: King John of England and the Jews
Image: Jewish Usurers, from the Rotulus Judeorum, 1233 - An English caricature of Jews as coinclippers and usurers.
Jewish Naming Convention in Angevin England - Eleazar ha-Levi
The Medieval Jews of Exeter
ORB - Medieval Judaism, Jews in Medieval England: A Bibliography - Christoph Cluse 

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Jews in Italy

Medieval Sourcebook: Note of a Double Loan Arising from a Tax, 1203
Shabbetai Donnolo - Physician and Author of Sefer Ha Mirkachot (913-982)
The Anav Family - Italian Jewish Scholars
Nathan Ben Jehiel Anav - Greatest 11th Century Italian Scholar (11th cen.)
The Kalonymus Family - Italian and German Scholars and Mystics
Ovadia ben Abraham Bertinoro - Jewish Traveler and Explainer of the Mishnah (1445-1530)

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Jews in Spain

Fourth Council of Toledo: On the Keeping of Slaves, 633
Jewish History Sourcebook: The Jews of Spain and the Visigothic Code, 654-681 CE
Medieval Sourcebook: Jews and Christians in Teruel: The Fuero of Teruel, 1176 CE
Medieval Sourcebook: A Business Partnership between a Jew and Christian in Barcelona, 1235-1242 CE
Medieval Sourcebook: Royal Grants to the Jewish Community of Barcelona, 1241-1271
Medieval Sourcebook: Barcelona Jewish Court Documents: A Jewish Widow and her Daughter, 1261-1262
Medieval Sourcebook: Las Siete Partidas: Laws on Jews, 1265
Medieval Sourcebook: Barcelona Jewish Court Documents: A Daughter's Inheritance, 1293
Medieval Sourcebook: Jewish Views of Royal Monetary Policy in Aragon, 13th Century
Medieval Sourcebook: Jewish Community of Barcelona: The Book of Document Forms
Medieval Sourcebook: Ordinance of the Jews of the Crown of Aragon, 1354 CE
Medieval Sourcebook: Synod of Castilian Jews, 1432
Astronomy in Sefarad - Yuval Ne'eman
Hispania Judaica Research Center
Chaiya's Sephardic World - Jews in Medieval Spain
ORB: Specialized Bibliographies - Medieval Spain - Lynn Nelson

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Spanish Scholars

Timeline of the Great Sages Rabbis
Ibn Sheshet, Yehudi
Dunash Ben Labrat
David Hayyuj
Chanoch ben Moses
Joseph ibn Abitur
Isaac ibn Gikatilla (Isaac ibn Chiquitilla)
Jonah ibn Yanach
Isaac ben Jacob Alfasi
Rabbi Isaac Alfasi - The RIF (hebrew)
Solomon ibn Gabirol
Isaac Abalia
Isaac ben Judah ibn Ghayyat
Bachya ibn Paquda (also known as Behay and Bahie)
Joseph ibn Migash
Abraham Ibn Ezra
Rabbi Abraham Ibn Ezra's Commentary to the Torah - Eliezer Segal
Rabbi Avraham Ibn Ezra (1089-1164) - Meira Epstein
Judah bar Barzillai
Abraham ben Isaac
Abraham Ibn Daud (d. 1180)
Moses Ben Nachman Gerondi (RaMBaN) (1194-1270)
Ramban's Commentary to the Torah - Eliezer Segal
Abraham bar Chiyya
Jonah ben Abraham Gerondi
Solomon ben Abraham Adret (RaSHBa)
Asher ben Yechiel (Rosh)
Jacob Ben Asher - the Ba'al Tur (1270-1343)
Rabbi Jacob ben Asher - "Ba'al Ha Turim" - Eliezer Segal
Meir Abulafia (13th cen.)
Chasdai Crescas
Isaac ben Judah Abravanel (1437-1508)

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Rabbi Yehudah Halevi

Rabbi Yehudah Halevi (Rihal) (c. 1075-1141) - A Short Biography
Judah Halevi (Arabic, Abu al-Hasan al-Lawi)
The Poetry and Prose of Yehudah ha-Levi
Medieval Sourcebook: Judah Ha-Levi: The Kuzari, part I

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Maimonides

Maimonides/Rambam
Maimonides: His Life and Works
Rambam - A Short Biography
The Mishneh Torah - Eliezer Segal
Guide To The Perplexed - A Short Description
Medieval Sourcebook: Maimonides: The 613 Mitzvot
Medieval Sourcebook: Maimonides: The 13 Principles and the Resurrection of the Dead
The Laws and Basic Principles of the Torah - Immanuel M. O'Levy
Maimonides' Commentary to the Mishnah - Eliezer Segal
Oath of Maimonides
Maimonides: Prayer, Worship, and Mysticism - D. R. Blumenthal
Maimonides' Interpretation of Trial in the Guide of the Perplexed - R. Toomey
Maimonides Web Page - Jonathan Baker
Rambam - Rabbi Yitzchak Etshalom
The Rambam, his life and works

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Spanish Personalities

Hisdai ibn Shaprut - First Powerful Spanish Jew (10th cen.)
Samuel Ha-Nagid - Poet, Vizier, and General
Medieval Sourcebook: Abraham Ibd Daud: On Samuel Ha-Nagid, Vizier of
Granada, 993-d after 1056
Benjamin of Tudelo - Jewish Traveler and Historian (12th cen.)
Todros ben Judah HaLevi Abulafia (13th cen.)
Samuel ben Meir Abulafia (d.1361)
The Ibn Alfakhar Family - Scholars and Diplomats
The ibn Shoshan Family
Jacob ben Machir ibn Tibbon

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The Expulsion from Spain & The Anusim

The Expulsion From Spain - A Short Description
Jewish History Sourcebook: The Expulsion from Spain, 1492 CE
Hispano Crypto-Jewish Resource Center
Crypto-Jews Sephardic Websites
Schulamith Halevy on Anusim (Crypto-Judaism)
Converso Dualities in the First Generation: The Cancioneros - Yirmiyahu Yovel

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Jews under the Islam

Jewish History Sourcebook: Islam and the Jews: The Pact of Umar, 9th Century CE
Jewish History Sourcebook: Islam and the Jews: The Status of Jews and Christians in Muslim Lands, 1772 CE
The Popular Arabic Literature of the Jews - Alan Corre
Literary Contacts and Where to Find Them: On Arabic Literary Models in Medieval Jewish Literature - Rina Drory
New Light on the Story of the Banu Qurayza and the Jews of Medina - W.N. Arafat
Medieval Jewish Community of Afghanistan - Guy Matalon

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North African Scholars

Hananel ben Chushi'el (11th cen.)
Abraham Ben Maimon ben Moses  (c. 1186-1237)
Great Rabbis of the Muslim Empire - Ezra Chwat

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Jewish Mysticism

Moses ben Shem Tov De Leon
Todros ben Joseph HaLevi Abulafia
From the Bahir to the Zohar - Eliezer Segal
The Ten Sefirot of the Kabbalah - Eliezer Segal
Philosophic Mysticism: The Ultimate Goal of Medieval Judaism - D. R. Blumenthal
Selected Bibliography on Kabbalah and Jewish Mysticism - Eliezer Segal

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The Khazars

The Khazaria Info Center
Medieval Sourcebook: The Medieval Jewish Kingdom of the Khazars, 740-1259
The Thirteenth Tribe - The Khazar Empire and its Heritage - Arthur Koestler

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Jews and the Church

Medieval Sourcebook: Prayers for Making a Synagogue into a Church (Latin)
Medieval Sourcebook: Ralph Glaber: On the First Millenium
Medieval Sourcebook: Innocent III: Letter on the Jews 1199
Medieval Sourcebook: Innocent III: Constitution for the Jews (1199 AD)
Pope Innocent III: The Keeping of Slaves by the Jews, 1204
Medieval Sourcebook: Lateran IV: Canon 68 - on Jews
Medieval Sourcebook: Martin V: From the Declaration on the Protection of the Jews: (1419)
Medieval Sourcebook: Professions of Faith Extracted from Jews on Baptism

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The Crusades

Chronology of the Crusades
A History of the Crusades
Society for the Study of the Crusades and the Latin East
Medieval Sourcebook: The Crusades - Selected Sources
Medieval Sourcebook: Soloman bar Samson: The Crusaders in Mainz, May 27, 1096
Medieval Sourcebook: Albert of Aix and Ekkehard of Aura: Emico and the Slaughter of the Rhineland Jews
Medieval Sourcebook: Roger of Hoveden: The Fall of Jerusalem, 1187
ORB - Crusades, A Guide to Online Resources
The Crusades - A Medieval Pilgrimage to Jerusalem (Dr. E.L. Skip Knox, Boise State University)

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The Inquisition

Inquisicion and other Early Hispanic Archives
The Catholic Encyclopedia: The Inquisition
Medieval Sourcebook: Bernard Gui: Inquisitorial Technique (c.1307-1323)
Medieval Sourcebook: Bernard Gui: Inquisitor's Manual
The Last Inquisition - Schulamith C. Halevy

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Blood Libels

Medieval Sourcebook: Socrates Scholasticus: The Blood Libel in Syria (late 4th Cent.)
Medieval Sourcebook: Ephraim ben Jacob: The Ritual Murder Accusation at Blois, May, 1171
Medieval Sourcebook: Thomas of Monmouth: The Life and Miracles of St. William of Norwich, 1173
Medieval Sourcebook: Gregory X: Letter on Jews, (1271-76) -Against the Blood Libel
Medieval Sourcebook: A Blood Libel Cult: Anderl von Rinn, d. 1462
Image: Simon of Trent being "martyred", 1475

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Medieval Jerusalem

Medieval Sourcebook: Antiochus Strategos: The Sack of Jerusalem (614)
A Map of Jerusalem During the Crusades
Medieval Sourcebook: Fulcher of Chartres: History of the Expedition to Jerusalem
Medieval Sourcebook: The Siege and Capture of Jerusalem: Collected Accounts
Medieval Sourcebook: Fulk of Chartres: The Capture of Jerusalem, 1099
Medieval Sourcebook: The Taxes of the Kingdom of Jerusalem
Medieval Sourcebook: De Expugatione Terrae Sanctae per Saladinum: The Capture of Jerusalem by Saladin, 1187
Medieval Sourcebook: Roger of Hoveden: The Fall of Jerusalem, 1187
Medieval Sourcebook: Latin Kings of Jerusalem
Medieval Sourcebook: The Capture of Jerusalem, 1244

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Online Courses

Medieval Judaism - Eliezer Segal, University of Calgary
Jewish Mysticism - Eliezer Segal, University of Calgary
The Judeo-Islamic Tradition - Ronald C. Kiener, Trinity College
Medieval Jewish Thought: Creation - David R. Blumenthal, Emory University

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Bibliographies

Reading List for Medieval Jewish Studies - Dinur Center
Bibliography for Research in Medieval Rabbinic Judaism - Eliezer Segal
Bibliography on Medieval Jewish Philosophy - Eliezer Segal
A Basic Bibliography of the Genizah Collection - The Taylor-Schechter Genizah Research Unit
ORB - First Steps: an Introductory Bibliography in Medieval Jewish History - Elka Klein
ORB - Medieval Jewish Women in History, Literature, Law, and Art: An Annotated Bibliography - Cheryl Tallan
ORB - Jewish Life and Philosophy on the Continent before 1215: A Bibliography - Sharan Newman
ORB - Medieval Judaism, Jews in Medieval England: A Bibliography - Christoph Cluse
ORB - Medieval Antisemitism
Medieval Jewish Women in History, Literature, Law and Art: A Bibliography - Cheryl Tallan
Middle Ages Bibliography Crusades to the Holy Land and Eastern Mediterranean Countries 1000-1450

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Miscellaneous, online texts

Beyond the Pale - The History of Jews in Russia - The Middle Ages
The Michael Davidson Early Hebrew Printing Page
Jewish Heraldry
Anti-Semitic Legends - D. L. Ashliman
The History of Halakhah, Views from Within: Three Medieval Approaches to Tradition and Controversy - Moshe Halbertal
Medieval Christian (Dis)identifications: Muslims and Jews in Guibert of Nogent - Steven F. Kruger
Medieval Sourcebook: Legislation Affecting the Jews from 300 to 800 CE
Medieval Sourcebook: Justinian: Novella 146: On Jews
Medieval Sourcebook: Accounts of the Routes of the Jewish Merchants to the East, 847
Medieval Sourcebook: Jewish Ethical Wills, 12th & 14th Centuries
Jewish History Sourcebook: The Black Death and the Jews 1348-1349 CE
Image of Jew as Moneylender
Database of Medieval Jewish Names

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Last Updated: 08/08/12

Copyright , 2001, Dinur Center and The Hebrew University of Jerusalem. All Rights Reserved.